WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?
Celiac Disease is an auto-immune disorder that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. People who have Celiac Disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten is found mainly in foods, but may also be found in everyday products such as medicines, vitamins, and lip balms. When people with Celiac Disease eat foods or use products containing gluten, their immune system responds by damaging or destroying villi, the tiny, fingerlike protrusions lining the small intestine. Villi normally allow nutrients from food to be absorbed through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream.
Celiac Disease is both a disease of malabsorption, meaning nutrients are not absorbed properly, and an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Celiac Disease is also known as celiac sprue, nontropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Celiac Disease is genetic, meaning it runs in families. It can be triggered at any point throughout life, regardless of age.
What are the symptoms of Celiac Disease?
Symptoms of Celiac Disease vary from person to person. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system or in other parts of the body. Digestive symptoms may include:
* abdominal bloating and pain
* chronic diarrhea
* weight loss
* unexplained iron-deficiency anemia
* bone or joint pain
* bone loss or osteoporosis
* depression or anxiety
* tingling numbness in the hands and feet
Irritability is a common symptom in children. Malabsorption of nutrients during the years when nutrition is critical to a child’s normal growth and development can result in other problems such as failure to thrive in infants, delayed growth and short stature, delayed puberty, and dental enamel defects of the permanent teeth.
People with Celiac Disease may have no symptoms but can still develop complications of the disease over time. Long-term complications include malnutrition which can lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and miscarriage, among other problems, liver diseases, and cancers of the intestine.